Sri Lanka is tropical country so it has a rich biodiversity and a pleasant climate throughout the year.Therefore this paradise island is home for almost all kind of animals.
There are national parks all over the country; especially Yala, Wilpattu, Wasgamuwa, Udawalawa, Maduru Oya, Minneriya and Kumana are great destinations for nature lovers. You can have unforgettable experience if you visit one of the places in Sri Lanka.
Minneriya National Park: The ‘Gathering’ a seasonal congregation of wild Elephants happens each year during the drought between July and August as they
travel across elephant corridors to converge together on the banks of the beautiful Minneriya tank in search of food, water and mates. Gal Oya NP: Wild Elephants can be spotted on safaris by jeep, foot and boat which are available all year, except during the drought where water levels recede and boating safaris are not possible. Uda Walawe Nationa; Park: A wonderful all year destination for a safari to see wild elephants in Sri Lanka. Kaudulla National Park and Eco Park:Two National Parks that are visited as an alternative to Minneriya National Park, when herds of Elephants move away from the Minneriya Tank.
Wilpattu Nationa; Park: An uncrowded, all year destination for Leopard and Sloth Bear and a great alternative to the more crowded Yala NP.
Yala NP: Yala is Sri Lanka’s most wildlife rich National park and hence, the most visited. Wonderful all year wildlife viewing is possible on safari in Yala. The Park is generally closed during the peak drought periods between1 September to 15 October. Kumana National Park: Recommend safaris in Kumana National Park between May to September when Tented Camping is possible on the banks of the rivers.
Whales and Dophins
Trincomalee Submarine canyon: The Peak season for Blue Whales is from March to April but the Whale watching season runs from October to April in Trincomalee. Mirissa: There is a 90% encounter rate for Blue Whales between Decembers to April. Kalpitiya: A wonderful location to see super pods of Spinner Dolphins, the Brydes Whales and Spinner Dolphins between Decembers to April. Little Basses Canyon Yala – Off the usual tourist trail, Blue Whales and Dolphins can be spotted between Octobers to May
Sinharaja Rainforest: The Bird Wave, a mixed species feeding flock can be observed between Novembers to March. A day out on safari in Sinharaja can yield 29 of the island’s 33 endemic birds. It is the last remaining virgin rainforest in the island where 50% of the trees are endemic. Horton Plains NP and the Kitulgala Forests: Must visit birding hot spots in Sri Lanka to observe the 33 endemics of the island. RAMSAR Sites of Mannar and Bundala NP: Sri Lanka Migrant hotspots where hundreds of winter migrants arrive for feeding during October until April. Mannar is a great location to photograph Flamingos, Water birds and and shorebirds. Kumana NP, Yala NP, Wilpattu NP, Uda Walawe NP and Sigiriya: Birding hotspots for Migrants and Endemic birds in Sri Lanka.
Horton Plains National Park: The cloud forests of Horton Plains can be visited all year and provides for some great trekking to observe plant and animal life in the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka. Knuckles Mountains: A Highland wet zone forest that is best visited between May to September. Sinharaja Rainforests: A Lowland virgin Rainforest that is best visited during the bird migration season between Decembers to April. Kumana National Park, Yala National Park, Bundala National Park, Wilpattu National Park: Excellent locations to study plant and animal diversity in Sri Lanka.